The Grand Canyon lies in the southwestern portion of the Colorado Plateau in the state of Arizona. The Grand Canyon ranges in width from 175 yards to 18 miles and extends about 277 miles in length. The greatest depth has been measured at more than 6,000 feet deep, and the average depth of the Grand Canyon is 4,000 feet deep.
The rock layer at the bottom of the Grand Canyon, known as schist, is more than two billion years old. The rock found at the top of the canyon, limestone, is only about 230 million years old.
As a popular tourist destination for hiking, sightseeing and rafting, the Grand Canyon has more than five million visitors per year. Campers take note, over night camping in the Grand Canyon requires a permit from the Backcounty Office.
The Grand Canyon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, became a national park in 1919, and is now a World Heritage site encompassing 1,218,375 acres. Within the bounds of its natural beauty, several major ecosystems can be found. More than 1,500 plant, 355 bird, 89 mammalian, 47 reptile, 9 amphibian and 17 fish species are found within the park’s boundaries.
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